About Jordan

National Flag:

Country Name:
Conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan conventional short form: Jordan local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah


Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

total: 89,213 sq. km (34, 445 sq. miles) land: 88,884 sq. km (34, 318 sq. miles) water: 329 sq. km (127 sq. miles)

6,590,151 (2010 est.)

Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes Geographic co-ordinates: ( 29 - 34 00 N), (35 - 39 E)

Jordan Local Time:

Time is GMT + 3, or 7 hours ahead of US Eastern Standard Time.
His Majesty King Abdullah II
King of The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

His Majesty King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein is the 43rd generation direct descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him). He assumed his constitutional powers as Monarch of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on February 7th, 1999, the day his father, the late King Hussein, passed away.

Climate and Geography:

Jordan has a combination of Mediterranean and arid desert climates, with Mediterranean prevailing in the north and west of the country, while the majority of the country is desert. Generally, the country has warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters, with annual average temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 C (54 to 77 F) and summertime highs reaching the 40s (105-115 F) in the desert regions. Rainfall averages vary from 50mm (1.97 inches) annually in the desert to as much as 800 mm (31.5 inches) in the northern hills, some of which falls as snow in some years.

Exchange rates:

Jordan's currency is the Jordanian Dinar, or JD. It is subdivided into 1000 fils, or 100 qirsh or piaster. It appears in paper notes of 50, 20, 10, 5, 1, and 0.5 JD denominations. Coins come in denominations of 1 JD, 0.5 JD, 0.25 JD, and 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 fils. The rate of exchange is about 1 JD = 1.42 US $. To See Jordan dinars Exchange Rates Visit

phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism

Exports - commodities:
clothing, phosphates, fertilizers, potash, vegetables, manufactures, pharmaceuticals

Imports - commodities:
crude oil, textile fabrics, machinery, transport equipment, manufactured goods

Petra the Red Rose City

Petra was first established sometime around the 6th century BC, by the Nabataean Arabs a nomadic tribe who settled in the area and laid the foundations of a commercial empire that extended into Syria. Despite successive attempts by the Seleucid king Antigonus, the Roman emperor Pompey and Herod the Great to bring Petra under the control of their respective empires, Petra remained largely in Nabataean hands until around 100AD, when the Romans took over. It was still inhabited during the Byzantine period, when the former Roman empire moved its focus east to Constantinople, but declined in importance thereafter. The Crusaders constructed a fort there in the 12th century, but soon withdrew, leaving Petra to the local people until the early 19th century, when it was visited by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.


The small Red Sea port of Aqaba is unique and beautiful in a very special way. Encircled by rugged purple mountains that subtly change in mood and color as the day unfolds. On the beaches visitors soak up the sun before cooling off in the refreshingly cool waters. Aqaba has remained at low rise, and of the several beach hotels none offers more than 150 rooms. The natural setting is impressive, with the narrow bay, the country's only port, ringed by mountains and fringed by Palm trees. The port area lies round to the east of the town, and Jordan receives most of her imports from this route.

Dead Sea:

The Dead Sea eastern coast in Jordan is one of the most spectacular natural and spiritual landscapes in the whole world. A series of new roads, hotels and archaeological discoveries are converging to make this region, the lowest spot on earth at 410 meters below sea level, as enticing to international visitors today as it was to kings, emperors, traders and prophets in antiquity.  


The leading attraction at the Dead Sea is the hot, soothing super-salty seawater, which is four times saltier than normal seawater. It is rich in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, bromine and several others. This unusually salty, buoyant and mineral-rich water has attracted visitors since ancient times, all of whom have floated effortlessly on their backs while soaking up the water’s healthy minerals along with the gently defused rays of the Jordanian sun.  

Natural Life

Mosaic from desert Palaces

Useful links:

    - King Abdullah II Official Website.
    - Queen Rania's Official Website.
    - Websites Guide.